Key Factors in Learning a Foreign Language

Photo by Cemre
Photo by Cemre

It is believed that initial learning of human beings begins with all ears open in silent period, just like children producing sounds by hearing voices around them. To strengthen command on foreign language, structures and vocabulary are to be reinforced to identify sequence in the learned language. Listening TV shows, music and movies in the learned language makes retaining and memorizing interesting as well as helps you a lot.

While learning a target language, key factors to measure progress is person’s motivation and attitude. As it was found in studies that due to Anglo-Francophone’s tension, Anglophones did poor in learning French language learning as they were holding grudges. People who are curious and keen to learn foreign language are more successful and more receptive to the target language. Forming relationships with natives of the target language can be a source of guidance. Struggling with language learning needs patience, hard work and low tolerance of ambiguities. Dealing with new vocabulary, grammar rules and structures involves uncertainty. Practicing is the only way of reducing uncertainties until fluency is accomplished.

Learners who are curious about new words and their meanings are innovators in real sense. Listening and repeating drills, grammar textbooks, audio lessons, are some approaches which should be followed by every foreign language learner in order to understand and grasp new language. One should not rely on a single method for learning; use multiple approaches to excel in reading, writing and speaking skills. Haptic learning can be adopted which includes body movements.

It is not necessary for a person to write well in foreign script or pass a vocabulary test with high grade at once. For improving and learning the target language, learners need to speak in the first place. One should speak with confidence without fearing from mistakes. Shyness, insecurities and lack of confidence causes hindrance in the learning procedure. Mispronouncing words, bungling grammar or inaccurate structures while speaking should not embarrass learners. They will improve quickly by correcting errors rather than feeling ashamed.

Some internal factors include age, personality and cognition. Children usually have stronger literacy skills than adults. They are in a best position to learn a new language effectively. If adults or old learners are motivated, they can acquire new language basics with struggle and determination. On the other hand, extroverts are more progressive than introverts in speaking skills; they seek more opportunities to learn oral communication. Extroverts are confident enough of not being embarrassed by making mistakes. Learners who like to take risks and practice new structures and vocabularies tend to learn efficiently. Some learners have a strong cognitive ability which allows them to progress quickly than others. It is believed by some linguists that there is some extra ordinary natural language learning ability is some people that make their learning procedure easier.

Professional guidance is necessary for learning foreign language. So, it is the responsibility of the instructors or teachers to create an environment of learning for all the learners despite of any differences in culture, age, personalities, aptitudes and learning types among the students. With the help of their assistance and training, students can maximize their output to achieve goal of learning foreign language effectively.


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