How did foreign language education evolve???

It is a known fact that the importance of learning foreign languages has been growing. The history of foreign languages dates back many years old and learning foreign languages is known to have gained great popularity. The top foreign language experts have always advised on the importance of learning various foreign languages. This marks the beginning of multilingual culture and it is much needed in the present education system as well.

In the modern times, most of the educational set ups have started with the foreign education. Most of the theories of the learning as well as the teaching of the languages are known to have been proposed. Such theories are known to be normally influenced by the developments in psychology and from the field of linguistics. It is known that the history of the foreign language education dates back to the times of ancient Greece. They had initially understood the importance of learning foreign languages. Higher education pertaining to the foreign languages were everywhere to the students. They were also known to be used widely in various fields such as religion, philosophy, business and politics. Due to this, various learners of different languages turned out to be fluent speakers, writers and readers when it came to the right classical language.

It was known that the Roman education system was purely based on the Greek system. They also adopted the tuition-based system and due to the extent of the Roman power, it is known that the curriculum and the methodology that was relevant and that was made use in the Roman education was later copied in the various provinces. Hence, due to this, the basis of the education system was well-proved. Later it was spread throughout the western civilization.

During the 16th, 17th and the 18th centuries, the learning of the foreign language was known to be associated with learning of Greek and Latin and it was said to be for the promotion of the speaker’s intellect. This was the time, wherein, the focus for learning of the language was known to have been placed on the syntactic structured grammatical rules and memorization of translated texts and vocabulary. For numerous years, the learning of foreign language was not meant for communication purpose. It was rather meant for the creation of the illusion of the sophistication and the intellect and also promotion of the self image of the person. The Latin knowledge was essential for the studying of the Bible and also for academic purpose.

Later, during the time of 17th century, J. A. Comenius, who was a renowned language methodologist made sure to stress on the importance of the sense of the language. He was the one who implemented the pictures for learning languages. This was how the evolution of the foreign language education took place gradually.

Over many years, it is known that direct method, reading method, audio-lingual method, natural approach, humanistic method and the cognitive code is known to have been implemented with differing degrees of success. So with the help of Communicative Language Teaching approach, the real life situations can now be used for the sake of encouraging communication.


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